Motorhomes are classified as Type A, Type B, Type C or bus conversion.
Different motorhome types offer huge variety and ranges. Classes of motorhomes labeled A, B and C. Diesel and gas.
Types of motorhomes
Type A motorhome
The largest motorized RV, usually loaded with amenities and equipment that make it ideal for short or long trips, even full-time living. There is a huge range of sizes and layouts, giving a massive variety to the A-class range. A home on wheels. The living, or house structure is built on a bare, specially made chassis. Newer models have as many as 4 slides. The “home” part of the motorhome includes its own heating, air conditioning, electric system, propane supply, and water tanks (fresh water, grey water, black water).
Accommodations include all the essentials – kitchen with microwave/oven, fridge, cooktop, dining area, living area, bedroom and bathroom. Washer/dryer may be standard or an option (or you can use the space otherwise – based on your lifestyle). It’s pretty standard to have a VCR and two TVs (living and bedroom). Flat screen LCD TVs are becoming common at the high end of the spectrum.
All systems are completely accessible while traveling: kitchen (galley), living area, sleeping quarters, permanent sanitary facilities. Includes all power and resources needed for self-contained traveling: batteries, propane gas, large fresh water tank and holding tanks. Most type As have or are prewired for an on-board generator.
Offers most space and conveniences of any RV. Appointments can include full-size refrigerator, washer-dryer, large-screen TV, computerized leveling system, satellite navigation system, satellite dish, slideout room extension, large storage bays.
Many A-class motorhomes weigh between 3.5 and seven tonnes, so check your licence entitlements before committing. However, several manufacturers including Hymer now produce A-class motorhomes under the magic 3.5-tonnes. If you’re attracted by one of these, check the payload is sufficient for your needs.
Length, lower clearance, and wheelbase can make some motorhome type As impractical for driving on rough roads and in backcountry. Many motorhome type A owners tow a smaller vehicle to use for running errands and exploring the local area after setting up camp at a campground. Length: 21 to 45 feet.
Type B motorhome
Known as Van campers and van conversions, the motorhome Type B is the smallest self-contained motorhome. Accommodations are tucked inside – usually cooking facilities, sink, small fridge, convertible bed/dinette, toilet, fresh water and waste water tanks, and electric outlets. Interior space can be limited, so these are not for large groups or extended living. But they are workable for a couple, and for overnight stays or camping trips.
Built on a van chassis produced by auto manufacturers, also offer comfort and livability features for motorhome travel. Dropped floors and raised roofs are common to increase interior space.
Most get better fuel mileage than larger motorhomes. Smaller holding tank and propane tank make dry camping for long periods a challenge.Can be a cost-effective way for couples and young families to enjoy the motorhoming lifestyle.Length: 16 to 24 feet
Type C motorhome
A Motorhome Type C is a mini-motorhome built on a specially made automotive manufactured van chassis. Offers full living quarters, sleeping, kitchen and bathroom facilities, and conveniences similar to type As but in a more compact unit. In addition to a regular bed, they usually have a bed over the cab (hence they are sometimes called a “cab-over” motorhome). Slide-outs are common these days, extending the living space. These tend to be scaled down versions of a class A. Some are built on pickup truck chassis.
Many Motorhome Type Cs have a cab-over bunk sleeping area, which extends over the driving section and can be used for storage when not in use. Many models also have an island-style bed in the rear.
Motorhome Type Cs are typically easier to drive and park and are more maneuverable than type A motorhomes. Thus, it’s often not necessary to tow a smaller vehicle for local driving.Length: 20 to 35 Feet
A motorhome built using a bus shell that is converted for recreation vehicle use with features and amenities of the owner’s choosing, much like building a custom home. The shell can be new or a former commercially operated bus whose interior is remodeled for motorhome travel.
Length: 35 to 45 feet
The coach converter starts with a shell or stripped bus and customizes it to meet owner’s needs. Empty shells are provided by various companies and can be professionally converted to customer specifications by coach conversion firms.
Some bus conversions started as commercial transit buses used as tour buses, school buses or intercity buses. With these buses, a conversion firm, or the owner himself, overhauls the existing systems and equipment, including interior wiring, plumbing, seats, upholstery, and insulation. On the exterior, new siding and paint schemes can be added.
New coach shells and conversions are the highest priced motorhomes, owned by entertainers, race-car drivers, and retired couples. These conversions often contain luxury features such as leather sofas, lounge-type seating, custom entertainment equipment and many other extras.
These tiny motorhomes are often based on small van versions of popular cars or even small people carriers. Most offer sleeping for two but many, like the Romahome R10 Solo pictured here, have just a single berth. You will also usually find simple cooking facilities and a cupboard to store the smallest portable toilet.
Most have a lifting roof of some sort but some have a high-top – making them less multi-storey car-park friendly.